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Blum, R. W. (2003). Positive youth development: A strategy for improving adolescent health. In F. Jacobs, D. Wertlieb, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of Applied Developmental Science: Vol. 2. Enhancing the life chances of youth and families (pp. 237-251). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Grotevant, H. D., & Cooper, C. R. (1998). Individuality and connectedness in adolescent development: Review and prospects for research on identity, relationships, and context. In E. Skoe & A. von der Lippe (Eds.), Personality development in adolescence: A cross national and life span perspective (pp. 3-37). New York: Routledge.

Karcher, M. J. (2002). The cycle of violence and disconnection among rural middle school students: Teacher disconnection as a consequence of violence. The Journal of School Violence, 1 (35-51).

Karcher, M. J. (2003). The Hemingway: Measure of Adolescent Connectedness: Validation studies. ERIC no. ED477969; ERIC/CASS no. CG032433 (Invited).

Karcher, M. J. (2004). Connectedness and school violence: A framework for developmental interventions. In E. Gerler (Eds.), Handbook of school violence (pp. 7-42). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Karcher, M. J. (2005). The effects of school-based developmental mentoring and mentors' attendance on mentees' self-esteem, behavior, and connectedness. Psychology in the Schools, 42 (65-77).

Karcher, M. J. & Benne, K. (under review). Erik and Joan Eriksons' approach to human development in counseling. In K. Kraus (Eds.), Lifespan development in action: A case study approach for counseling professionals. Indianapolis: Lahaska Press.

Karcher, M. J. & Finn, L. (2005). How connectedness contributes to experimental smoking among rural youth: Developmental and ecological analyses. Journal of Primary Prevention, 26 (25-36).

Karcher, M. J., & Lee, Y. (2002). Connectedness among Taiwanese middle school students: A validation study of the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness. Asia Pacific Education Review, 3(1) (95-114).

Karcher, M. J., & Lindwall, J. (2003). Social interest, connectedness, and challenging experiences. What makes high school mentors persist?. Journal of Individual Psychology, 59 (293-315).

Karcher, M. J., Davis, C., & Powell, B. (2002). Developmental mentoring in the schools: Testing connectedness as a mediating variable in the promotion of academic achievement. The School Community Journal, 12 (36-52).

Karcher, M. J., Holcomb, M. & Zambrano, E. (in press). Measuring adolescent connectedness: A guide for school-based assessment and program evaluation. In H. L. K. Coleman & C. Yeh (Eds.), Handbook of School Counseling. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Lerner, R. M., Fisher, C. B., & Weinberg, R. A. (2000). Toward a Science for and of the People: Promoting Civil Society through the Application of Developmental Science. Child Development, 71 (11-20).

Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, Robert, W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., Tabor, J., Beuhring, T., Sieving, R. E., Shew, M., Ireland, M., Bearinger, L. H., & Udry, J. R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278 (823-832).

Roth, J. L. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2003). What is a youth development program? Identification of defining principles. In F. Jacobs, D. Wertlieb, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of applied developmental science: Vol. 2. Enhancing the life chances of youth and families (pp. 197-223). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Townsend, K. C. & McWhirter, B. T. (2005). Connectedness: A review of the literature with implications for counseling, assessment, and research. Journal of Counseling and Development, 83 (91-201).